In my opinion, the
Disclaimer: We are a Microsoft Partner.
part is necessary in order to avoid being flagged for spam.
The rest of it, though, is irrelevant. My suggestion would therefore be to pare down the disclaimer.
There's no definitive answer to your question, because circumstances vary.
Answers that really are "exact duplicates" are rare, but answers that are similar or quote the same facts are very common. Expressing the same answer in different ways is okay, but answers that don't add anything new (e.g. additional facts, different conclusions, or greater ...